Greek ornament

Greek meander is familiar to each of us from childhood. This pattern is embroidered on clothing, is engraved on the dishes, drawing on household items, printed on the covers of books and textbooks.


There are a lot of legends and fascinating stories about how a square wave was createdand what it means. The first traces of this pattern were found on Neolithic clay cuttings. Scientists believe that ancient Greeks found the meaning of life and the magical story of the cycling universe in a continuous ribbon of angles. The right angle in this case is a symbol of wisdom and virtue. It was believed that anyone who has adorned the hem of the dress in this picture leads a righteous life.


If we recall the history of a meander, it turns out that the interesting name comes from the tortuous and unpredictable Meander River in Asia Minor. Meander can be considered sufficiently rigid pattern composed of a continuous broken line at right angles to the line. Architectural objects and household items were decorated by a meander ornament as was very popular in ancient Greek, ancient Roman and Byzantine cultures.


According to another theory, meander represents eternity itself.That’s why this figure adorned legendary traces of buildings in Pompeii. The city rose from the ashes like a resurrected man with the change of generations.


Quite a different view was expressed by American critics, who declared that meander is nothing more than a trap image for animals who arranged the Greek hunters. It resembled a labyrinth by design from which it is impossible to escape.And therefore men provided themselves with a win-win hunting.


If you examine the Corinthian culture, it may be noted that the Greek ornament tightly linked to other designs: waves, circles and quite possibly has a similar origin to them. Perhaps ancient Greeks wanted to appease the Olympian gods with the help of ornament.


Archaeologists  expressed a more prosaic and logical explanation for the appearance of ornament suggesting that meander symbolizes the river with the same name. Its winding shore and sharp thresholds resemble rectangular picture elements, and its cyclical nature is nothing but a flow of the river.